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福特新款蒙迪欧广州车展上市 换用旋钮式换挡

2019-09-20 17:38 来源:西安网

  福特新款蒙迪欧广州车展上市 换用旋钮式换挡

  Khan,aseven-year-oldmaleWhiteBengaltiger,playswithaballduringthe"FootballDay"event,organizedbyzooemployeestomarktheupcoming2018FIFAWorldCup,attheRoyevRucheyzoointheSiberiancityofKrasnoyarsk,Russia,June5,2018.(Photo/Agencies)FemalealpacaJuliette(L)andmalealpacaRomeorunnearagiantballduringthe"FootballDay"event,organizedbyzooemployeestomarktheupcoming2018FIFAWorldCup,attheRoyevRucheyzoointheSiberiancityofKrasnoyarsk,Russia,June5,2018.(Photo/Agencies)Maya,aone-year-oldfemaleraccoon,playswithaballduringthe"FootballDay"event,organizedbyzooemployeestomarktheupcoming2018FIFAWorldCup,attheRoyevRucheyzoointheSiberiancityofKrasnoyarsk,Russia,June5,2018.(Photo/Agencies)Thisphotoprovidesanup-closeviewoftheoceantotheFaka—about3,000diverhoursinall—intothe115-foot-deepchanneltodocumentandunderstandthisamazing,mysteriousspectacle.(Photo/IC)Thisphotoprovidesanup-closeviewoftheoceantotheFaka—about3,000diverhoursinall—intothe115-foot-deepchanneltodocumentandunderstandthisamazing,mysteriousspectacle.(Photo/IC)Thisphotoprovidesanup-closeviewoftheoceantotheFaka—about3,000diverhoursinall—intothe115-foot-deepchanneltodocumentandunderstandthisamazing,mysteriousspectacle.(Photo/IC)

AviewofthestonesutrasatBangtuoMonastery,RangtangCounty,SouthwestChina’,000stoneslabsinscribedwithTripitakascriptures,whichweremadeintheMingandQingdynastiesbymorethan60masonsoveraperiodofnineyearsonanareaof598squaremeters,thelargestandbest-preservedstonesutrasintheworld.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/AnYuan)AviewofthestonesutrasatBangtuoMonastery,RangtangCounty,SouthwestChina,000stoneslabsinscribedwithTripitakascriptures,whichweremadeintheMingandQingdynastiesbymorethan60masonsoveraperiodofnineyearsonanareaof598squaremeters,thelargestandbest-preservedstonesutrasintheworld.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/AnYuan)AviewofthestonesutrasatBangtuoMonastery,RangtangCounty,SouthwestChina,000stoneslabsinscribedwithTripitakascriptures,whichweremadeintheMingandQingdynastiesbymorethan60masonsoveraperiodofnineyearsonanareaof598squaremeters,thelargestandbest-preservedstonesutrasintheworld.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/AnYuan)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)

  OntarioProvincialPoliceofficersworkatthesiteofacrashinvolvingatourbusonHighway401West,nearPrescott,Ontario,Canada,June4,,fourwithlife-threateninginjuries,herelevantCanadianauthoritiestoverifythesituation.(Photo/IC)OntarioProvincialPoliceofficersworkatthesiteofacrashinvolvingatourbusonHighway401West,nearPrescott,Ontario,Canada,June4,,fourwithlife-threateninginjuries,herelevantCanadianauthoritiestoverifythesituation.(Photo/IC)ChildrenplayonasquareinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June3,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/ZhangCheng)StudentsofamiddleschoolplayfootballinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)AmangoeswindsurferinginQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,May4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/ZhangCheng)CitizensposeforphotoattheOlympicParkinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)ChildrenpracticerollerskatinginQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)AmandoesexercisesataparkinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June3,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)AsailboatisseeninthewaterinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/YinGang)

  AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)AviewofilluminatedstalactiteformationsattheJixingyanscenicareainDebaoCounty,SouthChina’sGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June3,,thesecond-highestonChina’stourismscale.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenWen)

(LtoR)IvoryCoastsAbdramaneDembele,2m35,FrancesBrahimTakioullah,2m46andArmeniasArshavirGrigoryan,2m33,walkinthecrowdontheChamps-ElyseesAvenueinParis,onJune1,stallestpeoplemetinParisforaweekend.(Photo/Agencies)SomeoftheworldstallestmenwalkontheChamps-ElyseesAvenueinParis,onJune1,2018,duringameetingofworldtallestmen.(Photo/Agencies)SomeoftheworldstallestmenwalkontheChamps-ElyseesAvenueinParis,onJune1,2018,duringameetingofworldtallestmen.(Photo/Agencies)SomeoftheworldstallestmenwalkontheChamps-ElyseesAvenueinParis,onJune1,2018,duringameetingofworldtallestmen.(Photo/Agencies)

  English-LanguageNewsWebEditorRequirements::Aminimumofabachelor’sdegreeatanaccreditedcollegeoruniversitywithamajorinjournalism,English,economics,internationalpolitics,,:Haveathoroughunderstandingandappreciationfortheroleofjournalismandaccurate,ftWord,AdobePhotoshop,Dreamweaver,:Previousjoborinternshipexperienceinan:Responsibleforconductingnewsinterviews,andcompiling,editingandrevisingnewsmanuscriptsfromothersourcesforwebsitenews,dupdates,andproducingspecialnewspackages,aswellasothe,:’sdegreeatanaccreditedcollegeoruniversitywithamajorinjournalism,English,economics,internationalpolitics,andaccurate,,:-Thejobisfull-time.-rewritingandcopy-editingstorieswrittenbystaffandfromothermediaresources;-writingoredittingheadlines,readingprovesandcontributingideasinstoryselectionandlayoutandsoon;-helpingproductionanddevelopmentofothereditorialmaterials,whichincludewritingstories,columns,reviewsandrecordings

  FrenchmarathonswimmerBenoitBenLecomteprepareshimselfinChoshi,ChibaprefectureinJapanonJune5,2,kickingoffanepicquesttoswim9,000kilometers(5,600miles)fromTokyotoSanFrancisco,throughshark-infestedwaterschokingwithplasticwaste.(Photo/Agencies)FrenchmarathonswimmerBenoitBenLecomte(L),takesthestartofhisattemptofswimmingacrossthePacificOceaninChoshi,ChibaprefectureinJapanonJune5,2018surroundedbyhischildren,Max(C)andAna(R).BenLecomtedivedintothePacificOceanonJune5,kickingoffanepicquesttoswim9,000kilometers(5,600miles)fromTokyotoSanFrancisco,throughshark-infestedwaterschokingwithplasticwaste.(Photo/Agencies)FrenchmarathonswimmerBenoitBenLecomte,takesthestartofhisattemptofswimmingacrossthePacificOceaninChoshi,ChibaprefectureinJapanonJune5,,kickingoffanepicquesttoswim9,000kilometers(5,600miles)fromTokyotoSanFrancisco,throughshark-infestedwaterschokingwithplasticwaste.(Photo/Agencies)FrenchmarathonswimmerBenoitBenLecomteprepareshimselfinChoshi,ChibaprefectureinJapanonJune5,2,kickingoffanepicquesttoswim9,000kilometers(5,600miles)fromTokyotoSanFrancisco,throughshark-infestedwaterschokingwithplasticwaste.(Photo/Agencies)AgovernmentmarineveterinarianisbeinghelpedbyvolunteerstoremoveplasticsfromthestomachofadeadmalepilotwhaleattheMarineandCoastalResourceResearchandDevelopmentCenterinSongklaprovince,Thailand,June1,chofthewhalethatdiedinThailandafterafive-dayefforttosaveit.(Photo/Agencies)AgovernmentmarineveterinarianisbeinghelpedbyvolunteerstoremoveplasticsfromthestomachofadeadmalepilotwhaleattheMarineandCoastalResourceResearchandDevelopmentCenterinSongklaprovince,Thailand,June1,chofthewhalethatdiedinThailandafterafive-dayefforttosaveit.(Photo/Agencies)AgovernmentmarineveterinarianisbeinghelpedbyvolunteerstoremoveplasticsfromthestomachofadeadmalepilotwhaleattheMarineandCoastalResourceResearchandDevelopmentCenterinSongklaprovince,Thailand,June1,chofthewhalethatdiedinThailandafterafive-dayefforttosaveit.(Photo/Agencies)AgovernmentmarineveterinarianisbeinghelpedbyvolunteerstoremoveplasticsfromthestomachofadeadmalepilotwhaleattheMarineandCoastalResourceResearchandDevelopmentCenterinSongklaprovince,Thailand,June1,chofthewhalethatdiedinThailandafterafive-dayefforttosaveit.(Photo/Agencies)AgovernmentmarineveterinarianisbeinghelpedbyvolunteerstoremoveplasticsfromthestomachofadeadmalepilotwhaleattheMarineandCoastalResourceResearchandDevelopmentCenterinSongklaprovince,Thailand,June1,chofthewhalethatdiedinThailandafterafive-dayefforttosaveit.(Photo/Agencies)

  PhototakenonJune1,2018showsthelaunchceremonyfortheGuilin-HaLongCityself-drivingtourismrouteinDongxing,SouthChina’thatwillincludetheChinesecitiesFangchenggang,Qinzhou,Nanning,Laibin,LiuzhouandGuilinaswellastheVietnamesecitiesMongCaiandHaLong.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenYicai)PhototakenonJune1,2018showsthelaunchceremonyfortheGuilin-HaLongCityself-drivingtourismrouteinDongxing,SouthChina’thatwillincludetheChinesecitiesFangchenggang,Qinzhou,Nanning,Laibin,LiuzhouandGuilinaswellastheVietnamesecitiesMongCaiandHaLong.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenYicai)

  CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofTuandaoinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay4,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,LiZiheng)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofQingdaoPortinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay7,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofWusiSquareinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonApril16,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofQingdaoSportsCenterinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin2000(upper)andonMay13,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,LiZiheng)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofZhanqiaoPierinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay4,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofMaidaoinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay4,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,LiZiheng)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofOlympicSailingCenter,whichusedtobeashipyard,inQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin2000(upper)andonApril16,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)RidersonHarley-DavidsonmotorcyclesparadethroughanautoparkinChengduCity,SouthwestChina’sSichuanProvince,June3,ndstopofthe2018FreedomTour.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhongXin)RidersonHarley-DavidsonmotorcyclesparadethroughanautoparkinChengduCity,SouthwestChina’sSichuanProvince,June3,ndstopofthe2018FreedomTour.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhongXin)RidersonHarley-DavidsonmotorcyclesparadethroughanautoparkinChengduCity,SouthwestChina’sSichuanProvince,June3,ndstopofthe2018FreedomTour.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhongXin)RidersonHarley-DavidsonmotorcyclesparadethroughanautoparkinChengduCity,SouthwestChina’sSichuanProvince,June3,ndstopofthe2018FreedomTour.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhongXin)RidersonHarley-DavidsonmotorcyclesparadethroughanautoparkinChengduCity,SouthwestChina’sSichuanProvince,June3,ndstopofthe2018FreedomTour.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhongXin)

  PhototakenonJune2,2018showsthenightviewnearWusiSquareinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)PhototakenonJune1,2018showsthereflectionofWusiSquareonaballooninQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/JinLiangkuai)PhototakenonJune1,2018showsthereflectionofWusiSquareonaballooninQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/JinLiangkuai)PanoramaphototakenonJune2,2018showsthenightviewofWusiSquareinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/YinGang)PanoramaphototakenonJune2,2018showsthenightviewofWusiSquareinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/YinGang)PhototakenonJune4,2018showsthenightviewofZhanqiaoPierinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)PhototakenonJune4,2018showsthenightviewofWusiSquareinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/MaNing)PhototakenonMay31,2018showsthenightviewofOlympicSailingCenterinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/WangJianhua)PhototakenonMay3,2018showsthenightviewofFushanBayinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)PhototakenonMay7,2018showsthenightviewofFushanBayinQingdao,eastChina(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)

  CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofTuandaoinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay4,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,LiZiheng)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofQingdaoPortinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay7,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofWusiSquareinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonApril16,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofQingdaoSportsCenterinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin2000(upper)andonMay13,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,LiZiheng)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofZhanqiaoPierinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay4,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofMaidaoinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay4,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,LiZiheng)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofOlympicSailingCenter,whichusedtobeashipyard,inQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin2000(upper)andonApril16,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)

  ApoliceofficerstumbleswhilerunningawayfromanewpyroclasticflowspewedbytheFuegovolcanointhecommunityofSanMiguelLosLotesinEscuintla,Guatemala,June4,,includingatleastthreechildren,werekilledandnearly300injuredonSundayinthemostviolenteruptionofGuatemala’sFuegovolcanoinmorethanfourdecades,officialssaid.(Photo/Agencies)ApoliceofficerstumbleswhilerunningawayfromanewpyroclasticflowspewedbytheFuegovolcanointhecommunityofSanMiguelLosLotesinEscuintla,Guatemala,June4,,includingatleastthreechildren,werekilledandnearly300injuredonSundayinthemostviolenteruptionofGuatemala’sFuegovolcanoinmorethanfourdecades,officialssaid.(Photo/Agencies)AerialviewoftheaftermathofavolcanoeruptioninEscuintla,Guatemala,June4,,includingatleastthreechildren,werekilledandnearly300injuredonSundayinthemostviolenteruptionofGuatemala’sFuegovolcanoinmorethanfourdecades,officialssaid.(Photo/Agencies)Rescuersuseabackhoeloadertoclearastreetattheash-coveredvillageofSanMiguelLosLotes,inEscuintladepartment,about35kmsouthwestofGuatemalaCity,June4,,includingatleastthreechildren,werekilledandnearly300injuredonSundayinthemostviolenteruptionofGuatemala’sFuegovolcanoinmorethanfourdecades,officialssaid.(Photo/Agencies)ApoliceofficerstumbleswhilerunningawayfromanewpyroclasticflowspewedbytheFuegovolcanointhecommunityofSanMiguelLosLotesinEscuintla,Guatemala,June4,,includingatleastthreechildren,werekilledandnearly300injuredonSundayinthemostviolenteruptionofGuatemala’sFuegovolcanoinmorethanfourdecades,officialssaid.(Photo/Agencies)AerialviewoftheaftermathofavolcanoeruptioninEscuintla,Guatemala,June4,,includingatleastthreechildren,werekilledandnearly300injuredonSundayinthemostviolenteruptionofGuatemala’sFuegovolcanoinmorethanfourdecades,officialssaid.(Photo/Agencies)AroadsigncoveredwithashisseenafterFuegovolcanoeruptedinEscuintla,Guatemala,June4,,includingatleastthreechildren,werekilledandnearly300injuredonSundayinthemostviolenteruptionofGuatemala’sFuegovolcanoinmorethanfourdecades,officialssaid.(Photo/Agencies)AerialphototakenonJune2,2018showsthedryriverbedofSonghuaRiverinHarbin,northeastChina,thelowestforsome11years,onMay29.(Xinhua/WangKai)AerialphototakenonJune2,2018showstheexposedriverbedofSonghuaRiverinHarbin,northeastChina,thelowestforsome11years,onMay29.(Xinhua/WangKai)AerialphototakenonJune2,2018showsthedryriverbedofSonghuaRiverinHarbin,northeastChina,thelowestforsome11years,onMay29.(Xinhua/WangKai)AerialphototakenonJune2,2018showstheexposedriverbedofSonghuaRiverinHarbin,northeastChina,thelowestforsome11years,onMay29.(Xinhua/WangKai)AerialphototakenonJune2,2018showstheexposedriverbedofSonghuaRiverinHarbin,northeastChina,thelowestforsome11years,onMay29.(Xinhua/WangKai)AerialphototakenonJune2,2018showstheexposedriverbedofSonghuaRiverinHarbin,northeastChina,thelowestforsome11years,onMay29.(Xinhua/WangKai)

  

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人工智能与世界图景的猜想

2019-09-20 13:37:59 来源: 学习时报
  【打印】 【纠错】
AbeecollectshoneyonalotusflowerattheZhuozhengyuanGardeninSuzhou,eastChinasJiangsuProvince,June3,2018.(Xinhua/HangXingwei)AbirdrestsonalotusflowerinWufuTownshipofWuyishanCity,southeastChinasFujianProvince,June1,2018.(Xinhua/QiuRuquan)AbeecollectshoneyonalotusflowerattheZhuozhengyuanGardeninSuzhou,eastChinasJiangsuProvince,June3,2018.(Xinhua/HangXingwei)AbirdrestsonalotusflowerinWufuTownshipofWuyishanCity,southeastChinasFujianProvince,June1,2018.(Xinhua/QiuRuquan)

????人工智能对人类传统思维领域的侵入和扫荡,让更多的人越来越陷入一种自相矛盾的境地:一方面,自豪于人类“造物”力量的神奇,希望人工智能的发展能够超越并解决人类面临的诸多难题;另一方面,又担心今天的弱人工智能是否有一天终究会突破瓶颈,成为无所不摧的强人工智能,并凌驾于人类之上。

????1956年夏季,被认为是人工智能之父的麦卡赛在达特茅斯学院组织了一场年轻科学家的聚会,提出了人工智能的概念。

????经过半个多世纪的发展,不管承认还是不承认,人工智能(ArtificialIntelligence)已经以一种不可阻挡的步伐进入了我们的视野。目前,对于人工智能的猜想主要有两种。

????一方认为,人工智能技术的“奇点”即将来临,超人工智能呼之欲出。这些人认为,人工智能不可能锁死在人类智力水平上,AI将超越人类,变成我们无法理解的智慧物种。有人这样描述:一个人工智能系统花了几十年达到幼儿智力水平;在到达这节点一小时后,人工智能立刻推导出了爱因斯坦的相对论;而在这之后一个半小时,这个强人工智能变成了超人工智能,智能瞬间达到了普通人类的17万倍。以谷歌技术总监雷·库兹韦尔为代表的极客们坚信,一个比我们聪明十几万倍的大脑,将解决人类现存的很多问题,疾病、战乱、贫困,各种纠缠人类的苦难,都不再是问题。而人工智能技术的现实发展似乎也在印证这个判断。比如,围棋界公认的2子以上的差距,通常是业余高手和职业高手之间的差别,而这个差别是职业选手从童年开始,用10年以上的日积月累毫不间断的艰苦训练形成的某种思维能力,是数万小时重复形成的职业素养,业余选手几乎难以超越。但是,AI通过深度学习、蒙特卡洛算法、增强学习等途径,在很短时间已经掌握了人类智能的“大局观”思维方式。从人工智能迭代的周期来看,人类没有可能在这方面逆袭,以至于围棋职业九段在看过人工智能的棋局之后感慨,与计算机相比,“甚至没有一个人沾到围棋真理的边”。按照这个猜想,未来的世界图景,将是纷繁复杂的信息网络在超越空间与物理介质后的一种存在,人类的组织器官实现了义体化,大脑意识可经由人造接口进入虚拟网络,甚至进行各种意义上的信息和场景同步,譬如,上传记忆,与AI神魂合一。

????另一方则认为,所谓人工智能的“奇点”只是一种臆测,人工智能在根本意义上终究只是对人类思维的模拟,看起来像是智能并不意味着机器会拥有自主意识。现供职于美国加州大学伯克利分校的哲学家约翰.希尔勒(John?Searle)曾经在20世纪80年代提出过一个著名的“中文屋”思想实验,通过这个实验反驳强人工智能。其主要内容是:你想象一位只说英语的人身处一个房间之中,这间房除了门上有一个小窗口以外,全部都是封闭的。他随身带着一本写有中文翻译程序的书。房间里还有足够的稿纸、铅笔和橱柜。写着中文的纸片通过小窗口被送入房间中。房间中的人可以使用他的书来翻译这些文字并用中文回复,虽然他完全不会中文,通过这个过程,房间里的人可以让任何房间外的人以为他会说流利的中文。约翰·希尔勒认为,人工智能的工作原理如同中文屋的思想实验一样,这种智能不是自主性的,和人类智能有着本质的区别。百度公司CEO李彦宏指出,所谓超过人脑的强人工智能阶段,人类可能永远都不会达到。李开复也认为人工智能在终极意义上难以超越人类。360公司CEO周鸿祎也强调目前的人工智能算法没有本质意义上的变化,离开大数据,离开互联网,人工智能没有意义。进而言之,AlphaGo的人工智能虽然第一场就战胜了李世石,但是它不会感觉高兴,也不会理解我们对于它的讨论和为什么赢。对于人文艺术、美和爱、幽默感,人工智能更是丝毫不懂。有位AI研究员做了一套研究幽默感的系统,然后输入了一篇文章,这个系统看了每句话,都说“哈哈”!从这个测试来看,人工智能要想发展到科幻电影《机械姬》所演绎的水平,还面临着不可逾越的鸿沟。

????不管对于人工智能可能带来的世界图景演化有怎样的猜想,新一轮人工智能热潮正在席卷全球,机器学习、人工神经网络等方面的突破和迭代正在迅速蔓延,在万物互联的大背景下人工智能被赋予了空前的巨大势能,人工智能已经成为横跨计算机、心理学、哲学等领域的21世纪三大尖端技术(基因工程、纳米科学、人工智能)。2016年中国人工智能市场规模达到239亿,其中智能硬件平台为152.5亿,占比达到63.8%,高于86.5亿的软件集成平台。未来三年人工智能市场将迎来新兴机遇点,预计2017年产业规模达到295.9亿,2018年将达到381亿元,复合增长率达26.3%。2017年全国两会,人工智能(AI)首次被写入政府工作报告,人工智能技术的市场规模正面临着一个井喷发展的前夜。

????从农耕文明到工业文明人类经过了数千年,蒸汽时代和电器时代不过百年,信息时代人们从PC端到移动端不过区区20年。VR热潮刚刚兴起,已经在全球呈现燎原之势。人类社会的科技文明总体上依然符合经典力学的加速度特征。从目前来看,人工智能虽然不可能超越人类,但是当它逐步逼近人类能力的时候,很多行业已经可以被颠覆掉了。因此,在短文的结尾,让我们一起回顾科幻小说里阿西莫夫提出的机器人三大定律:

????第一,机器人不得伤害人类,或因不作为使人类受到伤害;

????第二,除非违背第一定律,机器人必须服从人类的命令;

????第三,除非违背第一及第二定律,机器人必须保护自己。

????我想,这个法则对于廓清人工智能发展的航向,让我们对未来的世界图景充满建设性的憧憬而言,依然闪耀着人文主义的光芒。(作者:梁军)

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